Have you ever pondered on the reasons for a bloated stomach? There is a high chance you know this phenomenon – or condition – as abdominal bloating, but you might not know the cause or how to treat it. Interestingly, this condition is common because of the numerous causes or conditions that can trigger it. In this article, you will find out the different reasons for a bloated stomach and how best you can treat it.
Foundational Reasons For A Bloated Stomach
Asides from the disfiguring aspect of a bloated stomach, it is often accompanied by pain, excessive gas, and frequent belching. A bloated stomach occurs when the digestive tract becomes filled with air, or sometimes gas. It creates a tight, swollen, and full feeling in the abdomen, which is generally considered uncomfortable and unsettling.
Bloating may hinder your daily routines and affect your ability to get involved in professional and social activities.
Although some factions in the medical field believe otherwise, bloating occurs as frequently in adults as it does in children.
Common Reasons for A Bloated Stomach
Gas And Air
Gas is perhaps the major cause of abdominal bloating, especially after taking a meal. It builds up from swallowed air bubbles and air released during food breakdown in the digestive tract. Anatomically, it is practically impossible not to swallow air when eating, but you can relatively reduce the amount. Everyday occurrences and habits such as eating or drinking too fast, smoking, chewing gum, and sporting a loose denture will increase the overall air swallowed, thereby facilitating a bloated stomach.
Flatulence and burping are two of the natural ways that swallowed and digested air leave the human body. When these processes are slowed, delayed, or completely inhibited, they will result in abdominal bloating.
Although it is not often talked about, some medical conditions could cause uncomfortable abdominal bloating. Some of the common ones include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (example such as Crohn’s disease), heartburn, intestinal parasite infection, weight gain, anorexia, mental health factors, and other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs).
Furthermore, some medications, especially those that interfere with the digestive system’s regular activities and fluids, may cause stomach bloating. That said, bloating caused by this can be easily treated with discontinuation of the medication.
Other medical conditions that may factor in to contribute to gas and air build-up in the digestive tract include impaired gut transit, abnormal abdominal reflexes, food and carbohydrate malabsorption, and constipation.
Other Serious Causes
It is highly important to note that abdominal bloating might be a symptom of a wide range of critical medical conditions, all of which need immediate medical attention. Some of these conditions include ascites, which is fluid accumulation in the abdominal space. This is mostly a result of cancer, liver, kidney, or heart failure. Another of such is celiac disease, pancreatic insufficiency, and perforation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Asides from the above listed, there are several potential reasons for a bloated stomach. In many instances, most of these reasons can be widely prevented through lifestyle changes and a proper diet to prevent constipation. In all, ensure you see your doctor if the bloating persists for too long and is accompanied by high fever or vomiting.